When you have diabetes mellitus, your body cannot use the energy you get from the food you eat. Commonly called diabetes, the disease is characterized by low insulin levels, or the body’s inability to use the insulin produced.
Insulin is a hormone that moves sugar from your blood cells to other body cells, where it is used for energy. When sugar is not used up, it accumulates in the body cells leading to high blood sugar. When high blood sugar is left untreated, it can damage your eyes, kidneys, nerves, and other vital organs.
Note that diabetes has no cure, but certain lifestyles like eating a balanced diet, exercising, and cutting on high sugary foods can reverse its effects and help you lead a healthy lifestyle.
Chronic diabetes mellitus occurs in two types, type 1 and type 2 diabetes. There is also a prediabetes condition where blood sugar levels are high, but not exaggerated to be called diabetes mellitus. Gestational diabetes mellitus occurs during pregnancy but can resolve after childbirth.
The two main types of diabetes mellitus are:
It can also occur in childhood years, too, given that the risk factors are present. It can be controlled by a strict diet and weight management exercises. Oral glucose intake might also be recommended, as well as injection shots.
Diabetes mellitus symptoms are variable, depending on the level of blood sugar in your blood. Germantown MD notes that people with type 2 diabetes and prediabetes may initially fail to notice the symptoms. Symptoms come quickly in type 1 diabetes and tend to be more lethal.
General symptoms of both types of diabetes mellitus include:
Symptoms prevalent to men include low libido, lack of muscle strength, and erectile dysfunction.
Women mostly experience urinary tract infections, yeast infections, and itchy skin.
For Gestational Diabetes mellitus, there are no defined symptoms. Mostly, the disease is detected during the normal blood sugar tests at around the 24th week of gestation. In rare cases, expectant mothers will experience excess urination and thirst.
The slightest suspicion of diabetic symptoms in you or your child’s body prompts immediate treatment. Treatment should start immediately after the disease is diagnosed.
After being diagnosed with diabetes, a close medical follow-up is necessary to stabilize your blood sugar levels.
There are many complications of diabetes mellitus throughout the body. The risk of complications is higher if you have advanced blood sugar levels and if you’ve lived longer with it. Feel free to visit us at the Germantown Primary Healthcare before complications persist.
For gestational diabetes, both the mother and the baby are at risk. The baby might experience the following:
The mother might develop high blood sugar and type 2 diabetes. They may also undergo a cesarean section delivery procedure.